ACE (Access Control Entry)

Access Control Entries can either be users or groups of users. After selection of an ACE, you can decide to add it to the Access Allowed List or the Access Denied List, depending on the permission you would like to give the user or group in question.

ACL (Access Control List)

An ACL consists of Access Control Entries (ACE). Access Control Entries can either be users or groups of users. After selection of an ACE, you can decide to add it to the Access Allowed List or the Access Denied List, depending on the permission you would like to give the user or group in question.

AD (Active Directory)

Active directory is a Windows directory service included in most Windows server systems. It stores information of objects on the network within a database. Most commonly, data about users, printer queues or network configuration is stored. This data is made available to administrators and users.

AD Credentials (Active Directory Credentials)

Microsoft® Active Directory Service stores information of objects on a network and makes this information available to users and network administrators. AD credentials refer to the user name and password of the user.

AES (Advanced Encryption Standard)

AES is one of the most popular algorithms used in symmetric key cryptography. AES has a fixed block size of 128 bits, and a key size of 128, 192, or 256 bits. AES is part of the ISO/IEC 18033/3 standard.

AMS (Access Management System)

A system developed by Canon that provides access management possibilities on a per feature basis for imageRUNNER devices.

Canon Access Management System Website

API (Application Programming Interface)

Interface which is part of a software system that provides a way of communication between the system and other software. Examples include databases, user interfaces and hardware.


The ApjPrint print processor is used by uniFLOW to monitor print jobs in a Windows Spooler. It also includes the functionality to automatically start the uniFLOW services, and to automatically print jobs if the uniFLOW Server service or database server cannot be reached. For detailed information refer to the chapter Spooler Monitoring.


Artwork refers to the images and text that are to be printed (usually supplied as a high-resolution PDF at 300 dpi, with crop marks and 3mm bleed).


The portion of a printed sheet that will be trimmed off when cut to the finished size (trim size).The purpose of a bleed is to create a full bleed piece (borderless print), carrying color and design elements to the very edge of the paper, without a white margin around the paper.

Bleed Size

The Bleed Size refers to the size including bleeds. The Bleed Size is always bigger than the finished size.

CAC (Common Access Card)

A standard identification card issued by the US DoD for general identification and for authentication.

CAD (Computer Aided Design)

A computer system for designing, drafting, displaying, analyzing and optimizing graphically oriented information.

CAPT (Canon Advanced Printing Technology)

CAPT enhances increasingly powerful PC CPUs, sending rendering data processed by the PC to the printer for printing. Utilizing the PC rather than the printer controller to handle the rendering process reduces the load on the printer CPU.

Canon Technology Used in Laser Printers

CDO (Collaboration Data Objects)

CDO was previously known as OLE Messaging or Active Messaging. CDO is an API included with Microsoft® Windows products and Microsoft® Exchange Server products. Beginning with Exchange 2007, CDO is available as Microsoft® download.

CDS (Content Delivery System)

A CDS is a configurable software system that has the purpose of downloading (delivering) streaming content from a network storage to the end user's device.

There are CDS's for Web (WCDS), for mobile devices (MCDS), for use throughout an enterprise (ECDS), etc.

CIP4 (Standards Association)

CIP4 is the International Cooperation for the Integration of Processes in Prepress, Press, and Postpress Organization.

CIP4 Homepage

Context Menu

Also known as pop-up menu. If context menus are supported, a context menu drops down or pops-up respectively when users click on an object or window region using their secondary mouse button. Usually, this is the right mouse button. The context menu only offers menu options that are available for the selected object i.e. at the location where the cursor is.

CPCA (Common Peripheral Controlling Architecture)

CPCA is a proprietary communication protocol developed by Canon to communicate with multi-functional devices (MFP). CPCA controls all MFP functionality including printing, copying, scanning, and mailbox management. CPCA is implemented in MEAP as a Java class library. Any application built under MEAP can submit and control a printer, scanner, or copier job by invoking the class library. Herewith some of the functions available when using the CPCA CL (Class Library). The functionality of the MFP device itself, however, may exclude one or more of the functions in the following list.

CRD (Central Reprographics Department)

An in-house printing facility, formerly called an in-house print shop.


Creep is an effect that occurs mostly on saddle-stitched publications with many pages – the thickness of the paper causes the inner pages to extend further out than the outer pages when folded. Consequently, when trimmed the inner pages are narrower than the outer pages, which creates an impression that the printed image gradually moves towards the fore-edge (for example the outer margins become narrower towards the center of the book).

Also called binder’s creep and push out.

CRQM (Collective Release Queue Management)

In uniFLOW you can combine print servers into a collective. With the Collective Release Queue Management (CRQM), users are able to collect each of their print jobs from any device that is connected to a print server in the collective.

See chapter Collective Release Queue Management (CRQM).

CUPS (Common Unix Printing System)

CUPS is a modular printing system for Unix-like computer operating systems that allows a computer to act as a print server. A computer running CUPS is a host that can accept print jobs from client computers, process them, and send them to the appropriate printer.

Cut and Stack

Cut and Stack is a general term that refers to arranging pages across multiple sheets in a gang-up fashion, so that the pages fall into correct order when the printed sheets are cut and stack.

CWS (Command WorkStation)

Fiery® Command WorkStation® (CWS) is a print job management interface for Fiery servers that allows centralized job management for all Fiery servers on the network. In uniFLOW, custom media types from CWS can be imported on devices with an EFI controller.

DAM (Desktop Accounting Mode)

If the RPS software is running on a Windows client operating system, the RPS will only run in this mode. See also Remote Print Server as Desktop Accounting Client for max. Five Users.

DDT (Device Discovery Task)

A uniFLOW function used to configure a periodic scan of one or more network segments to find and automatically configure printers.

DES (Data Encryption Standard)

A method for encrypting information using a 56-bit key. In 1977, the standard was published as an official Federal Information Processing Standard in the United States.

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)

A protocol for assigning dynamic IP addresses to devices on a network. With dynamic addressing, a device can have a different IP address every time it connects to the network. In some systems, the device's IP address can even change while it is still connected.

Dial-Up line

A non-dedicated communication line in which a connection is established by dialing the destination code and afterwards is disconnected.

DIF (Device Information File)

uniFLOW is based on a DIF concept for storing device information. All device related information is stored into one single file: a Device Information File or DIF. DIF files are basically hierarchical XML files. A DIF is used to store any device information, for instance CPCA and SNMP information, PPD settings, Raster Data and General Capabilities information etc. See also Device InformationFiles.

DNS (Domain Name System)

A hierarchical, distributed database that contains mappings of DNS domain names to various types of data, such as IP addresses. DNS enables the location of computers and services by user-friendly names, and it also enables the discovery of other information stored in the database.


Web-based file hosting service, offering cloud storage and file synchronization with the help of a client software. The client software is available for most desktop and mobile operating systems.

DRQM (Distributed Release Queue Management)

The DRQM functionality takes the possibility to release print jobs anywhere in the network one step further and allows the worldwide following of a print job to the identifying user - the job is released "anywhere" where users identify themselves.

See also Distributed Release Queue Management (DRQM).


Name of the uniFLOW database. uniFLOW uses a SQL based relational database managed by a relational database management system (RDBMS).

DXF (Drawing Exchange Format)

CAD data file format, developed for data exchange between AutoCAD and other systems.

EAI (Embedded Applet Interface)

EAI (Embedded Applet Interface) is an interface to integrate Non-Canon-Device Applets in uniFLOW. It is used to enable Secure Public Printing on Non-Canon-Device-Applets.


The EAN, formerly known as European Article Number nowadays stands for Global Trade Item Number (GTIN). The EAN is an international non-interchangeable product identification for trade products which is used for bar codes.

EMF (Windows Enhanced Metafile)

EMF (32-bit) is a newer version of the Microsoft® Windows Metafile graphics format (16-bit) also known as WMF. EMF is also used as a graphics language for printer drivers.

ESC/P 2 (Epson Standard Code for Printers)

ESC/P 2 is backward compatible to ESC/P, but adds commands for new printer features such as scalable fonts and enhanced graphics printing. Modern printers no longer use ESC/P; instead they are driven through a standardized page description language, usually PCL or PostScript, or they use proprietary protocols.

ESMTP Server (Extended or Enhanced SMTP)

A definition of protocol extensions to the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol standard. The extension format is described in RFC 1869.

Finished Page

A finished page refers to an image that is printed on a side of a physical sheet (physical page).

A finished page may contain one or more logical pages, and a physical page may contain one or more finished pages.

Finished Size

The final size of a product after cutting off the bleed (if required) is called the finished size. Also called trim size, cut size, and product size.

FQDN (Full Qualified Domain Name)

A fully qualified domain name (FQDN), sometimes referred to as an absolute domain name, is a domain name that specifies its exact location in the tree hierarchy of the Domain Name System (DNS). It specifies all domain levels, including the top-level domain, relative to the root domain. A fully qualified domain name is distinguished by its unambiguity; it can only be interpreted one way.

Gang up Sequential

Gang up Sequential groups different images from a single job on a single sheet and is referred to as Page Order in the UI.

As a footnote, EFI’s DocBuilderPro calls this imposition method "Gang Up Unique”.

GARO (Graphic Arts language with Raster Operation)

Canon's proprietary raster language on which the GARO printer driver is based. Adjustment functions for color balance, contrast, and density are standard.

GDI, GDI accounting (Graphic Device Interface)

A Windows standard for representing graphical objects and transmitting them to output devices, such as monitors and printers. When an application is creating a print job, it is using GDI to describe to the printer driver what it would like to have printed. Based on this information the printer driver generates PostScript, PCL 5, PCL 6, CAPT, GARO or another language the printer requires.

GUI (Graphical User Interface)

A kind of user interface where the user can interact with the device or the application with the help of graphical images. Interaction is not restricted to command line entries.

GUID (Globally Unique Identifier)

A special type of identifier used in software applications to provide a reference number which is unique in the context where it is used. A couple of examples include defining the internal reference for a type of access point in a software application, or for creating unique keys in a database.

HID (Human Interface Device)

A Human Interface Device is a device specialized in sending output to and receiving input from human operators. The HIDs are defined in the USB HID class that in turn is part of the USB specification for PC peripheral devices.


Acronym for Intelligent, Configurable, Advanced Runtime User Interface Script. Used to produce ISA files for customized MEAP applet behaviors.


ICMP stands for Internet Communication Message Protocol. uniFLOW uses ICMP Ping Checks.

IG (Internet Gateway)

A web interface that can be used for the transmission and the release of print jobs for mobile printing and for recharging user budgets.

IIS (Internet Information Services)

Internet Information Services (IIS) is a web server application and set of feature extension modules created by Microsoft®. Setting up the IIS correctly is imperative to making sure that things run smoothly on the uniFLOW server.

See also IIS Configuration.

IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity)

IMEI is a unique number to identify mobile phones. It can usually be displayed by entering*#06# on the device.

IPN (Instant Payment Notification)

Instant Payment Notification has been introduced by PayPal. It allows retailers to track their own sales data internally with the help of an IPN script that processes payment notifications.

IPP (Internet Printing Protocol)

The Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) is a TCP/IP-based client-server-protocol used for remote printing over network and internet. IPP uses HTTP to transmit print jobs to a printer, query printer and job status information and cancel print jobs. IPP is supported by most major operating systems like Microsoft® Windows, Apple OS X and Linux.


IPP (Internet Printing Protocol) with enabled encryption using the SSL/TLS protocol-layer.

iR (imageRunner)

Canon multi-functional devices that use UFR or UFR II as their standard page description language. They feature standard digital copying, network printing capabilities, and black-and-white and full-color network scanning capabilities.


The imageRUNNER ADVANCE is a new generation of Canon MFP that replaces the Canon imageRunner MFPs. All imageRUNNER ADVANCE machines have Send functionality as standard, being able to scan & send documents from the machine to destinations such as email, shared folders on a network or an FTP site.

ISAPI (Internet Server Application Programming Interface)

An API for Microsoft's IIS (Internet Information Server) web server. ISAPI enables programmers to develop Web-based applications that run much faster than conventional CGI programs because they're more tightly integrated with the web server.

iW AMS (iW Access Management System)

AMS was developed by Canon and it allows IT Managers to apply restrictions or permissions for device applications and device features.

iW SAM Express Server (iW Secure Audit Manager Express Server)

A document security tool that enables the investigation and analysis of content by user, destination and date of transaction by storing job logs and image logs of copies, faxes, prints and scans.

JAR (Java Archive)

A Java Archive, also called a JAR file, is mainly used for distribution of Java Class libraries, programs, metadata and resources in a consolidated way.

A Java Archive must not be confused with with the JAR tool for creating compressed file archives.

JDF (Job Definition Format)

An open file format, based on XML, that is used as an industrial standard for the print industry, in order to allow the data exchange between all systems involved in the production and the commercial processes.

A basic JDF tutorial is available on the CIP4 website:

Basic JDF Tutorial

JMF (Job Messaging Format)

A communication format with multi-level capabilities -- the command and control language that is an integral part of JDF. Like JDF, there is also the JMF element, which is a top-level element within JDF. JMF is specified within the JDF Specification.

KDC (Key Distribution Center)

Used in cryptography, a KDC is part of a cryptographic system. It is used to reduce the inherent risks from the exchanging of keys. KDCs are often applied in environments where different permissions are granted to different users based on service access and time.

LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)

LDAP is an application protocol for querying and modifying information services running over an IP network.

The current version is specified in RFC 4510 / RFC 4511.

LFP (Large Format Printer / Printing)

Large format print devices preferably are ink jet printers with a printing width ranging from 1.3 m to 5 m. LFP printers are capable of printing on numerous media, like textiles, adhesive foils, cardboard and so on.

LM (uniFLOW Login Manager)

The uniFLOW Login Manger is a uniFLOW MEAP Applet that allows the ability to restrict access to functions of MEAP-enabled MFPs to authenticated users only.

Logical Page

A logical page is an imaginary rectangular section that represents page content (text, images, graphics, etc.) to be printed on a surface of a physical sheet.

Since an electronic document in general does not have the notion of a "page" (think of Notepad – it creates a text file but it does not create "pages") word-processing applications (such as Microsoft® Word) and imposition software (such as PRISMAprepare) use a logical page as a logical division of an electronic document.

LPD (Line Printer Daemon)

LPD receives commands via a TCP connection to control a locally connected printer. The protocol is described in RFC 1179.

Within Microsoft® Windows operating systems the implementation is called TCP/IP Print Server (formerly called UNIX printing services). Remote printers are included as LPR-Port (Line Printer Remote) and are treated as local printers.

LPR (Line Printer Remote)

The LPR is a TCP/IP based protocol used to submit print jobs to a remote printer within a network. The jobs are being processed by the Line Printer Daemon (LPD), based on the existing configuration. The protocol uses port 515.

The LPR is also called Berkeley Printing System.

MAPI (Messaging Application Programming Interface)

Provides email messaging functionality to client programs.


mDNS or Multicast DNS is a main component of Zeroconf. The aim of mDNS consists in providing DNS features without using a central DNS server. For more information refer to the Zeroconf website.

MEAP (Multifunctional Embedded Application Platform)

MEAP is a Java-based application development platform that allows the creation of embedded applications for Canon multi-functional peripheral devices. Custom applications can be created to execute on the device itself.

For further information please refer to:

MEAP Enabled Product List

MFD / MFP (Multifunctional Device / Printer)

A Multifunctional Printer (MFP) is a networked device that is able to print, copy, scan, and/or fax. In addition, Canon MFPs have mailboxes on the device in which users can store document images for later retrieval. It is also referred to as MFD (Multifunctional Device).

MIND (Modular Identification Network Device)

A MIND provides the connection between your copier/printer and your personal identification device – whether it is a fingerprint sensor, PIN code, magnetic card, or RFID card. MIND can be used for secure printing and/or for allocation of copy cost to individual users.

MMC (Microsoft® Management Console)

A graphical user interface for computer administration that is part of the Windows operating system. The MMC's only task is to centralize access to the administration programs that are called snap-ins and carry the file extension MSC.


Scan Processing And ConvErsion Service Using I.R.I.S. Toolkit

This is the name of the uniFLOW Scan Processing Service. Refer to the chapter Scanning for more information.

MSDE database (Microsoft® SQL Server Desktop Engine)

A toned down version of Microsoft® SQL Server 2000, free for non-commercial use as well as for limited commercial use. SQL Server 2005 Express Edition and its successors replace Microsoft®SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine (MSDE) as the free, redistributable version of SQL Server. uniFLOW is delivered with a SQL 2008 R2 Express Edition which can be installed,if required, during the installation process of uniFLOW.

MSI (Windows Installer, Microsoft® Installer)

The Windows Installer (previously known as Microsoft® Installer) is an engine for the installation, maintenance, and removal of software on Microsoft® Windows systems. The installation information, and often the files themselves, are packaged in installation packages, loosely relational databases structured as OLE COM Structured Storages and commonly known as "MSI files", from their default file extension.


Network Address Translation (NAT) is a technology used in computer networks to automatically replace network address information in Internet Protocol (IP) datagram packet headers in order to connect different networks. NAT is typically used on network routers.

N-UP Printing

A feature that allows composing multiple page documents into one single page (N = Number, UP = on one page).

OCR (Optical Character Recognition)

A process that examines a given bitmap pattern to determine any characters within that pattern, based on pattern matching.

OD (Operator Dashboard)

Operator Dashboard is a uniFLOW module that allows central control of print and order management in a(n) (in-house) print room.

See also Operator Dashboard.

ODBC (Open Database Connectivity)

A standard software API method for using database management systems (DBMS).

OID (Object Identifier)

An object identifier (OID) is used for naming any type of object with a globally unique name. Once an OID has been assigned, it should not be re-used for a different object.

PCL (Printer Command Language)

PCL was first introduced by HP in 1984 as a simpler, faster and less expensive alternative to PostScript. It consists of control sequences generated by a printer driver.

PCL 5e/5c (Enhanced and Color): Introduced in 1992 as an enhancement of PCL 5 for color support and bi-directional communication between the PC and the printer.

PCL 6: introduced in 1995 as a page description language (not exactly a further development of PCL 5), optimized for user interaction from graphical UIs, supports font management and scalable fonts, in addition to other features. However, PCL 6 is generally more error-prone than PCL 5. Microsoft® XPS is an extension of the PCL 6 concept.

PCL 6 Standard is equivalent to PCL 5e/5c for backward compatibility reasons.

PCL 6 Enhanced: Features a modular architecture. Introduced several enhancements including fonts, color handling, support of paper sizes and finishing options, and drawing possibilities.

PCL 6 Enhanced was developed as "PCL XL", then renamed to "PCL 6 Enhanced".

PDL (Page Description Language)

A language that describes the appearance of a printed page in a higher level than an actual output bitmap. Examples for a PDL are HP-GL, PCL, or PostScript.

Perfect Binding

Perfect binding puts all the pages or signatures together (called book block or text block), trims the assembled book block on three sides and glues it to a wraparound cover.

Physical Page

A physical page represents a single side (front or back) of a media sheet. It can be considered the same as an impression.

A physical page may contain one or more finished pages, and a finished page may contain one or more logical pages.

PJL (Printer Job Language)

Provides a method for switching printer languages at the job level, and for status readback between the printer and the host computer.

PKI (Public Key Infrastructure)

A cryptography system that creates, manages, distributes and verifies digital certificates that are used to secure the communication on an (unsecure) public network.

POS (Print Optimizing System)

POS takes effect when you use the Operator Dashboard or PrePrint. It changes the commands in an existing PostScript spool file to enable and activate the required changes for the print jobs. If you want to use the POS without Operator Dashboard or PrePrint respectively, you can use the Workflow Element Execute Print Optimizing System.

PPD (PostScript Printer Description)

PPD files are created by vendors to describe the entire set of features and capabilities available for their PostScript printers.

PPML (Personalized Print Markup Language)

Data format based on XML. PPML offers multiple advantages in print processing: smaller file sizes, resource management, reusable content, and easy integration with web based services.

Printer spreads

Printer spreads, or printer’s spreads, is a term used to describe the pairing of pages in the order that they are intended to be printed. For example, printer spreads for a booklet would show page 1 and the last page, then page 2 and the second-to-last page, and so on.

PS (PostScript)

PostScript (PS) is a page description and programming language used primarily in the electronic and desktop publishing areas.

PS files are used for lossless output of graphics and print pages on a variety of different output devices. Graphical elements and fonts are re-witten as scalable vector graphics. Devices capable of outputting postscript are equipped with a Raster Image Processor (RIP) that evaluates the PostScript program and generates a raster graphic.

RBR (Rule Based Routing)

The Rules & Routing module provides RBR to route print jobs based on certain rules. You can create a set of unlimited rules to route a print job among different printers. Users can be notified via email, web pop-up or Windows Messenger Service.

RDO (Raster Document Object)

The RDO file format is a metafile format that is used by Xerox DocuTech(TM) hardware and software. As such it is an important file format in the print-on-demand market sector, besides the PDF and PS formats.

Reader Spreads

Reader spreads, or reader’s spreads, is a term used to describe the pairing of pages in the order that they are intended to be read, for example page 2, 3, 4, and so on.

RIA (Rich Internet Application)

A RIA is an application that makes use of the internet to deliver rich content. Usually, the RIA runs client-side, within the user's browser, communicating with an application server that is responsible for the data manipulation. The rich user experience is achieved with the help of JavaScript, Adobe Flash, Microsoft® Silverlight, and other plug-ins. An RIA does not require software installation.

RPS (Remote Print Server)

An add-on license to a uniFLOW server. The RPS collects printer accounting information on a specific print server on which it is installed, and it uploads this information to the central uniFLOW server.

See also Remote Print Server (RPS).

RUI (Remote User Interface)

A tool that allows the remote administration of Canon MFPs via a web browser.

Server Cluster

A group of computers, known as nodes, that work together as a single system to ensure that mission-critical applications and resources remain available to clients. A server cluster presents the appearance of a single server to a client.

Server Clustering requires the Server Cluster module. Note that this module is available for the uniFLOW Enterprise Edition only!

For more information, please refer to the white paper Installation of a uniFLOW Server and RPS on a Windows Server Cluster (MOMKB-418) in the NT-ware Knowledgebase.

Please note that registration is required in order to access the NT-ware Knowledgebase. Access to the NT-ware Knowledgebase is limited to trained Canon personnel only. If you require the above document and you do not have access to the NT-ware Knowledgebase, please contact your Canon partner.

SFP (Single Functional Printer)

Unlike MFP devices, an SFP has one single function only, which is printing. There are no other document processing functions available. Depending on the make and model, an SFP can be used as a networked device.


Shingling is a technique used to compensate for creep by narrowing the gutter margin on the inner pages in order to maintain a consistent outer margin.


A signature, also called section, is a printed sheet folded at least once, possibly many times, to become part of a book. (A folded, printed sheet forming and treated as a single binding unit.) A group of signatures are called a book block or text block.

The types of signature folds include four-page (folio), eight-page (quarto), twelve-page, sixteen-page (octavo), and 32-page (sextodecimo or 16mo).

SMB (Server Message Block)

SMB operates as an application-level network protocol mainly applied to shared access to files, printers, serial ports, and miscellaneous communications between nodes on a network. It also provides an authenticated Inter-process communication mechanism.

SMS (Service Management Service)

A service that allows MEAP applications to be managed on a MEAP device using a remote Web Browser. SMS can be used to install/uninstall and start/stop MEAP applications. It can also be used to obtain information about MEAP applications installed on a device.

The Service Management Service provides a run-time environment for System Services and custom applications (also called custom services). This includes managing services throughout their life-cycle on a MEAP device.

SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)

SMTP is the de facto standard for email transmissions across the Internet.

SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol)

SNMP is used in network management systems to monitor network-attached devices for conditions that warrant administrative attention. It consists of a set of standards for network management, including an application layer protocol, a database scheme, and a set of data objects. SNMP works by sending messages, called protocol data units (PDUs), to different parts of a network. SNMP-compliant devices, called agents, store data about themselves in Management Information Bases (MIBs) and return this data to the SNMP requesters.


Program that supports the HP-GL/2, HP-GL, and HP-RTL plotters.

SPP (uniFLOW Secure/Public Printing Applet)

SPP is one of the two applets that come with the MEAP DEVICE ID LICENSE. It is designed for secure printing, requiring the module Secure Printing.

SSO (Single Sign-On)

Single Sign-On is a one-time logon method. It enables a user to log on and gain access to all devices and services of a domain with a single authentication.

The iR’s display is locked until the user has entered valid credentials.

SSOP (ShareScan Open Platform)

eCopy application running on the MEAP platform of the imageRUNNER.

Step and Repeat

Step and Repeat is a general term that refers to copying an image by stepping it in position both horizontally and vertically on one side of a sheet, so that multiple copies of the final product can be produced simply by cutting the printed sheet apart.This is useful for smaller designs such as business cards.

Tabbed Paper Terms

TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)

TCP and IP are two of the core parts of the Internet Protocol Suite.

TCP is the part of the protocol that guarantees that all bytes received will be identical, and in the same order, with those sent.

IP is the part of the protocol responsible for delivering the network packets from the source host to the destination host.

TIC (Temporary Identification Code)

A temporary number used for getting card numbers into the system without any manual intervention by the administrator. This self-learning system is provided with the uniFLOW Login Manager, a uniFLOW MEAP Applet.

See also uniFLOW Login Manager.

TLS (Transport layer Security), SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)

Transport Layer Security (TLS) and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), are cryptographic protocols that provide secure communications over the Internet.

Today, TLS is mostly used with HTTPS. Known implementations of the protocol are OpenSSL and GnuTLS.

UDP (User Datagram Protocol)

UDP is one of the core protocols of the Internet protocol suite. It is used for simple transmission purposes where error checking and/or correction during the transport is not necessary. Thus, UDP is used together with the IP, however on the network level without the TCP.

UFR / UFR II (Ultra Fast Rendering)

PDLs created for Canon printers. UFR II, incorporates a load-balancing capability for efficient distribution of data processing loads between the PC and the printer.

Canon Technology Used in Laser Printers


WAMP is an acronym that stands for (Microsoft®) Windows, Apache, MySQL and PHP (or Perl or Python). This software stack contains all the key elements for setting up a fully functional web server: Windows for the operating system, Apache for the web server, MySQL for the database and PHP for the scripting language. If Linux or Mac OS are used as the operating system, the acronym changes accordingly (LAMP, MAMP).

There are a numerous preconfigured WAMP packages available for download - like WampServer - , which feature their own GUIs for ease of installation and configuration.

For more information on which WAMP packages are recommended for components of uniFLOW like Web Submission or Internet Gateway, please refer to the NT-ware Resources - Web Server website.


A free (open source) WAMP server package for Windows that includes the key components for setting up a web server (Apache for the web server, MySQL for the database and PHP for the scripting language), bundled with a GUI and preconfigured settings for increased ease of use.

For more information on which WAMP packages are recommended for components of uniFLOW like Web Submission or Internet Gateway, please refer to the NT-ware Resources - Web Server website.

Wraparound Cover

The cover of a perfect-bound book. Also called perfect-bound cover. Parts of a wraparound cover are often described as follows:

Cover 1 - outside front

Cover 2 - inside front

Cover 3 - inside back

Cover 4 - outside back

WS (Web Submission)

A web interface for the transmission of print jobs to the uniFLOW main server. Using the Web Submission the users can upload documents from their own PC and have them printed out at a remote place.


XPLOT is a software to view graphs that is particulary useful when plotting large amounts of data.